Pomeranian breed descended from the much larger sled-hauling dogs of
the Arctic countries of Iceland and Lapland. When the first specimens
were brought to England from the German province of Pomerania, they were
larger (up to 30 pounds), usually white and less profusely coated than
our modern specimens. Litters often included smaller pups, and soon the
smallest of the species were preferred. In
1888 Queen Victoria fell in love with the breed and exhibited
Poms extensively at British shows. Hers were generally in the 12-18
pound range, which is very large by modern standards.
The Queen's beautiful Poms encouraged an upsurge of interest throughout
England in the "spitzdogs", as they were called then. British breeders
systematically bred the Pom for smaller and smaller size, and more and
more coat. Although they were eventually named for their homeland, they
are considered to be an English breed because their modern form was developed
in Britain. The Pomeranian came to North
America around the turn of the 20th century and quickly gained popularity
here as well. They were recognized by the AKC in 1900.
is a beloved companion dog throughout the world. The average weight
of the Pomeranian is from 3 to 7 pounds, with the ideal weight for
a show specimen being 4 to 6 pounds. Pomeranians are sturdy and
robust little dogs. They exhibit great intelligence in their expression,
docility in their disposition, and activity and buoyancy in their
deportment. Their tremendous vivacity and spirit is one of the characteristics
of the breed. Pomeranians have the alert, active, and curious character
of their larger brethren, are useful alarm dogs and are accurate
obedience dogs. They are clean and easy to train and make delightful
pets. A small house and yard is sufficient, as they do not require
much exercise. Their double coat comes in a variety of glowing colors.
Regular grooming (weekly brushing and monthly nail trims) will keep
Poms neat. Despite its diminutive size, the breed retains the spitz
The petite Pomeranian is somewhat of a busybody, being ultra
inquisitive and self important. The breed is "full of itself" and
likes nothing better than to "strut its stuff" in a show ring or on a neighborhood
walk. They cannot bear to be left out of any fun and games, and they thrive on
human companionship. Pomeranians are best suited to adult households,
but make wonderful playmates for children who are old enough to be considerate
of their tiny stature. Their easy care, beauty and diminutive size make them
ideal companions to the elderly as well. They adore their creature comforts and
enjoy the pampered life to the fullest!
GENERAL APPEARANCE: The tail is set high
and lies flat on his back. He is alert, has an intelligent expression
and a bouyant deportment.
SIZE & WEIGHT: 3-7 pounds with ideal weight of 4-6 pounds. The distance
from the point of the shoulder to the joint of the buttocks is slightly
shorter than from the highest point of the withers to the ground. The
distance from the brisket to the ground is half the height at the withers.
The length of his legs is in proportion to a well balanced frame. He
HEAD: The muzzle is straight, short, fine, free of lippiness and is never snipy.
The fontanel is closed. The top of the skull is slightly rounded but not domed.
He has small ears which are high on the head and are carried erect. The teeth
meet in a scissors bite.
NECK & BODY: The neck is short with the base set well into the shoulders to allow
the head to be carried high. The back is short with a level top line. The brisket
reaches the elbow.
FOREQUARTERS: The length of the upper arm and shoulder blade are equal. The forelegs
are straight and parallel. The height from the withers to the elbow approximately
equals the height from the ground to the elbow. The pasterns are straight and
strong. He stands well up on his toes. Dewclaws may be removed.
HINDQUARTERS: The buttocks are well behind the rest of the tail. The stifles
are moderately bent and clearly defined. The hocks are perpendicular to the ground
and the legs are straight and parallel to each other.
GAIT: The gait is smooth, free, balanced and vigorous. He has good reach in his
forequarters and strong drive in his hindquarters. The legs converge slightly
inward toward the center line beneath his body. The front legs are thrown neither
in nor out and the topline remains level.
Undercoat is soft and dense.
Outer coat is long, straight, glistening
and harsh in texture.
COLOR: All colors, patterns and variations thereof are allowed.
EYES: Dark, bright, medium in size and almond shaped.
REGISTRY: AKC, UKC, TKC, CKC